Who is at risk for high blood pressure? Approximately 1 in 4, almost 70 million, American adults suffer from high blood pressure. But only thirty percent of these individuals have their condition under control. Those who do experience some improvement in their conditions are typically those who make lifestyle changes and eat a healthy diet. Those who do not make such improvements are at very high risk for developing serious medical conditions related to high blood pressure, such as stroke and kidney disease.
How can you find out if you need to make changes to your diet and physical activity? Your doctor can provide you with the answers. Your doctor may recommend an exercise program that includes both aerobic and strength-training exercises. Your doctor may also recommend that you start a diet program that is low in fat and sodium. You should talk with your doctor before starting any new diet or physical activity, especially if you have any existing conditions or medications.
If your doctor recommends that you make some changes to your diet and physical activity mon an cho nguoi cao huyet ap, you should discuss these changes with your family and with a nutritionist. You should first realize that exercise alone does not help to control high blood pressure. The quality and quantity of your exercise will be determined largely by your genetic and physiological circumstances. Even if you do not have a family history of heart disease or other serious medical conditions that can predispose you to heart disease, a sedentary lifestyle can make you more vulnerable to heart attack and other circulatory problems. Exercise also helps you to relax, which can have a positive effect on your mood and general outlook. It can also help you cope with stress.
Some of the possible causes of hypertension include heredity, fatty deposits in the blood vessels (adipose tissue), atherosclerosis, chronic inflammation, high blood pressure caused by fatty deposits in the blood vessels, stress, excessive alcohol consumption, vitamin deficiency (if you are a child), smoking, or sedentary lifestyle. Obesity and being over fifty years old are common risk factors for hypertension. Hypertension can also occur among people who have no family history of cardiovascular disease and are of normal weight.
In some cases, the recommended treatment for high blood pressure is to take medication. Your doctor may suggest that you also make lifestyle changes, such as losing weight if you are overweight, avoiding alcohol and quitting smoking if you smoke, and adding low-fat dairy products to your diet if you are a non-vegetarian. Your doctor may also recommend that you take vitamin or mineral supplements.
Some doctors recommend that you take medication alone or in conjunction with diet and exercise. Depending on the seriousness of your case, your doctor may prescribe medication in combination with one or more of these treatments. He may prescribe medications to treat your symptoms, or he may suggest that you take medication alone and make lifestyle changes at the same time. The most serious cases of high blood pressure often require hospitalization. Medications alone are rarely successful in correcting this condition. Your doctor may prescribe medication for your resistant hypertension if doing so seems to be unsuccessful.