Italian wine is grown in almost every region of Italy, which home to some of the country’s oldest most respected wine-making regions. Italy is also the largest producer of perishable wine, having an area of 725,000 ha under cultivation, and thus contributing a total score of 49.4 million litres of wine annually. Italy’s geographic location, climate, topography and sandy, fertile soil are all favorable for growing grapevines. The climate is subtropical, with hot summers and cool winters; the geography is divided into numerous historic provinces, each with a unique history and culture. The soil of the northern part of Italy favors the growth of Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon, the climate is semi-arid and with a low precipitation.
In the central part of the country, Apulia and Sardinia, the climate is semi-tropical with heavy downpours and long coastal winds. The area having abundant grape production is Umbria. For Apulia and Sardinia, the main wine producers are Lagederma and Brunello. Italian wines produced in this part of the country include Zoppini, Pignolo, Pinot Grigio, Carvachezzarino, Barolo, Cava, Rosso and Vino Nobile di Montalcino. In Umbria the best places to visit are Genoa, Perugia, Santa Pola and Porto Vecchio.
Other Italian wine producing regions are Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adigo, Campania, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Tuscany, Umbria and Apulia. Some Italian red wines are based on Italian grapes such as Click Here Barolo and Brunello. In the last few decades Italian manufacturers have focused their marketing on the export market. Exports of Italian wine are now much more lucrative than they were in the past years.
Italian wine is made from different wine grape varieties, which are classified according to the region where they are grown. Italian wine producers generally produce all their wines in one or two main wine grape varieties. These grape varieties include Barolo, Pugliese, Sauvignon, Chianti, Luche, Salebacco, Corvina, Pinotage and Shiraz. Italian wine makers typically use these grape varieties for making a wide variety of Italian wine including Sweet, Dry, Acid, Rose and spicy. The Italian wine producers also experiment with adding extra flavor, herbs and fruits in their wines making it more unique and delicious.
Italian wine is the product of various landholders who plant grapes of different cultivars on different locations. Some grow olives and peppers on other locations and others plant other grapes and plants. In order to make the most out of their grape planting, Italian wine makers plant their vines at the right time of year to get the best flavor from the grapes. For the most part, the grapes are planted in March when they are just now starting to produce, but some do plant them as early as August. It really depends on the individual landowner that planted the vineyard grapes as to when they are planted.